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Boris Island: the answer to London’s economic woes?

In what has been termed the global infrastructure age, governments around the world appear to be scrambling to pull their nations out of economic doom and gloom through the development of major projects in a bout of supply stimulation.

Not least of these is the proposal from the (somewhat eccentric) Mayor of London, Boris Johnson. When this man isn’t awkwardly riding bicycles or dangling helplessly from flying foxes—Google the London Olympics opening ceremony for some hilarious shots—he does actually try and run one of the world’s major metropolises.

This, of course, includes Heathrow, one of the largest and most confusing airport hubs worldwide—at least for now.

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Voluntourism and the obvious pitfalls of ‘orphan demand’

When eco-tourism first emerged as a buzzword in the 90s, this was universally accepted to be a good thing. Demand by affluent travellers for authentic first-hand experience of pristine jungles, mountains and beaches caused local communities to see their natural resources as a source of tourist income. They were incentivised to work harder to protect those resources. A range of new jobs that depended on conservation efforts were created.

At the outset of the millennium we are now seeing the rise of ‘voluntourism.’ Not dissimilar from eco-tourism in some ways, this is driven by demand by affluent travellers from the developed world looking for first-hand experience volunteering to alleviate poverty. The experience typically lasts between one day and four weeks, with tourists carrying out low-skilled work such as caregiving in orphanages or constructing temporary housing for displaced persons. As a result, providing experiences assisting highly visible people in need becomes a source of income.

It does not take an economist to recognise that market demand for ‘helping experiences’ creates perverse incentives. The most troubling of these is the phenomenon of ‘orphan demand.’

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The problems (and promise) of microfinance

Just three decades ago, billions of people around the world were stuck in a trap. Faced with low incomes on the one hand and exploitative loan sharks the other, they could neither save for the future nor purchase the capital required to generate a living. This changed with the pioneering work of Mohammad Yunus in Bangladesh, and with the establishment of the Grameen Bank in 1983, microfinance was born. 

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The economic irrationality of new conservatives

The current wave of new conservatives, that have become the prominent voice of the right-wing in America, carry with them a great ideological passion. These conservatives have been vocal supporters of many policies that are often congruent with the neo-liberal viewpoint. Such policies include a laissez-faire economic approach and small government; both of which are aligned with the economic rationalist approach. They have also ardently maintained their pro-family, pro-community rhetoric in a time when they say these values are being tossed aside by an increasingly liberalised America.

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Abolishing the Federal Reserve

It is well that the people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary system, for if they did, I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning
– Henry Ford, American Industrialist.

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